[Who Needs It?], the first report on the market implications of the sustainable lifestyles transition, argued that any new product, technology or service should be subjected to the 'Need Test'. For the "Diagnosis" part of the test, the following series of questions are asked: (1) What is the primary function of the product or service? (2) What other benefits does the product or service offer? (3) Is there likely to be a long-term need and/or demand? (4) How does the value/impact assessment look today? (5) Would this product or service be sustainable in an equitable world of 8-10 billion people? (6) Are there more sustainable ways of providing the same function -- or meeting the same need? For the "Prognosis" the following question is asked: On the basis of 1-6, what threats and opportunities will there be for the product or service during the sustainability transition.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.