Unemployment benefits provide a needed sense of economic security, but overdependence on unemployment benefits stands to take an even greater toll on society than unemployment alone. There needs to be more focus on providing incentives for the unemployed to become reintegrated into the job market in order to reduce total reliance on government funds by the unemployed, and to curb the length of time spend on the dole.
In Britain, the government recently allowed people who pick up part-time jobs to continue receiving benefits (no penalties to benefits) and once full-time work is obtained unemployment benefits would cease. Workers with families can also receive benefits to supplement low wages. This discourages absolute reliance on unemployment benefits during the job-seeking period and encourages employment of one form or another.
Britain has one of the lowest unemployment rates in the EU, because of incentives for the unemployed, and flexibility and deregulation of the labour market. It is better to create incentives for the unemployed to find work, rather than paying them to spend their time on the dole. Public spending should target investment in people.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
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