People turn to terrorism for various reasons. Many terrorists act from political, ideological, or religious convictions. Some are simply criminals for hire. Others become terrorists because of real or perceived oppression or economic deprivation.
Likewise, the resolutions do not conclude that the U.S. strikes are self-defense. Repeating language from 1368, Resolution 1373 reaffirm[ed] the inherent right of individual or collective self-defence as recognized by the Charter of the United Nations." As we shall see, this right "as recognized by the Charter" is extremely limited. Moreover, in practice the Security Council decides whether particular uses of force are self-defense only after the fact, and after careful consideration (given that, as shown below, self-defense is based on an immediate need to respond, and the response must be proportional to the threatened harm). The last of these resolutions, 1373, was issued on September 28, more than a week before the U.S. started bombing Afghanistan.
2. Politically, there appears to be no better method of dealing with terrorists than to make explicit that the authorities will not deal with terrorists. One concession will set a precedent and invite future acts of terrorism.
2. From Illinois in the USA to Xinjiang in China, counter-terrorist measures have placed human rights at risk.