It was reported in 2000 that the UN International Drug Control Programme was negotiating with the government of Colombia to conduct open field trials of a strain of the fungus [Fusarium oxysporum] that attacks coca plants, the source of cocaine.
A study conducted by the United Nations, at the request of the Colombian government, found that coca crop production has actually increased since the US began aerial eradication. US State Department figures show coca increasing in Colombia by 268% since large-scale spraying started in 1995. As coca growers move into more isolated areas to escape aerial eradication, their transportation costs increase and they must grow more plants to make the same amount of money. For every hectare of coca crops eradicated in southern Colombia, three hectares of Amazon rainforest are cut down to replace them. Exacerbating the problem, drug producers are interested in keeping supply constant and, in times of increased enforcement, will grow and produce more drugs to make up for expected losses.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
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