It was reported in 2000 that the UN International Drug Control Programme was negotiating with the government of Colombia to conduct open field trials of a strain of the fungus [Fusarium oxysporum] that attacks coca plants, the source of cocaine.
A study conducted by the United Nations, at the request of the Colombian government, found that coca crop production has actually increased since the US began aerial eradication. US State Department figures show coca increasing in Colombia by 268% since large-scale spraying started in 1995. As coca growers move into more isolated areas to escape aerial eradication, their transportation costs increase and they must grow more plants to make the same amount of money. For every hectare of coca crops eradicated in southern Colombia, three hectares of Amazon rainforest are cut down to replace them. Exacerbating the problem, drug producers are interested in keeping supply constant and, in times of increased enforcement, will grow and produce more drugs to make up for expected losses.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a unique, experimental research work of the Union of International Associations. It is currently published as a searchable online platform with profiles of world problems, action strategies, and human values that are interlinked in novel and innovative ways. These connections are based on a range of relationships such as broader and narrower scope, aggravation, relatedness and more. By concentrating on these links and relationships, the Encyclopedia is uniquely positioned to bring focus to the complex and expansive sphere of global issues and their interconnected nature.
The initial content for the Encyclopedia was seeded from UIA’s Yearbook of International Organizations. UIA’s decades of collected data on the enormous variety of association life provided a broad initial perspective on the myriad problems of humanity. Recognizing that international associations are generally confronting world problems and developing action strategies based on particular values, the initial content was based on the descriptions, aims, titles and profiles of international associations.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.