The ecumenical movement has been a strategy to unite religious people in order to be more effective in the affairs of the modern world. The infighting and disruptive wars that have been committed in the name of particular sects and religions are still happening today. The Christian ecumenical strategy has been an attempt to have member religious bodies gain unity and therefore an influential impact on social roles. It includes institutional dialogue, coordinated administration of mission programmes, shared schools of theology and structural relationships through councils of churches and other coordinating bodies. In order to effect social change, however, the ecumenical movement will need to decide if its primary goal of unity is in beliefs, organization, or ethics. It will also have to be able to discern the difference between the cultural bias and the religious belief.
2. Study of the cultural and religious heritages of humankind show we are more united than divided by them.
3. Dialogue is an indispensable step along the path towards human self-realization, the self-realization both of each individual and of every human community. Although the concept of "dialogue" might appear to give priority to the cognitive dimension (dia-logos), all dialogue implies a global, existential dimension. It involves the human subject in his or her entirety; dialogue between communities involves in a particular way the subjectivity of Peach. In all this, however, reciprocity is required. To allow these criteria is a commitment of each of the parties which desire to enter into dialogue and it is a precondition for starting such dialogue. It is necessary to pass from antagonism and conflict to a situation where each party recognizes the other as a partner. When undertaking dialogue, each side must presuppose in the other a desire for reconciliation, for unity in truth. For this to happen, any display of mutual opposition must disappear. Only thus will dialogue help to overcome division and lead us closer to unity. Ecumenical dialogue is of essential importance. "Through such dialogue everyone gains a truer knowledge and more just appreciation of the teaching and religious life of both Communions. In addition, these Communions cooperate more closely in whatever projects a Christian conscience demands for the common good. They also come together for common prayer, where that is permitted. Finally, all are led to examine their own faithfulness to Christ's will for the Church and, wherever necessary, undertake with vigour the tasks of renewal and reform". (Papal Encyclical, Ut Unum Sint 25 May 1995).
2. Ecumenism implies that all people should have one belief, which immediately divides society into an either/or confrontation.
3. In societies that remain dynamic, diverse forms of beliefs and activities are encouraged rather than uniform belief.
4. Very few religious and spiritual communities can reach consensus with one another on an extensive religious, moral, ethical or social agenda. This is true not only of relations between diverse traditions, but nearly as often of relations among various constituent groups within a particular traditions. However, there are points of convergence - of shared interest, common purpose, or common cause - that can provide a basis for dialogue and cooperation. Points of convergence do not presume agreement on other matters of belief or practice.