France and Germany are cooperating closely in the development of a new generation of nuclear power stations that will be equipped with an enhanced pressurized water reactor (PWR). First orders for the European Pressurized Water Reactor (EPR) are expected between 1997 and 1999. The design of this plant is based on the principle that even in the extremely unlikely event of a complete loss of all active safety features, the radiological consequences of the incident would be contained within the immediate surroundings of the plant. Other European research (France, Germany UK and other partners) is working on an advanced Fast Reactor design (European Fast Reactor -- EFR). This aims at burning plutonium in large quantities, and at the transmuting of long-lived waste isotopes arising out of reprocessing into shorter-lived isotopes.