Environmental racism is a term used to describe the connection between racism and environmental neglect and degradation that exist in communities of people targeted by racism. Environmental racism includes the concentration of environmentally destructive facilities such as sewage plants, incinerators, nuclear and toxic waste dumps and storage sites, as well as the lack of green areas and municipal maintenance, in areas which are significantly inhabited by people that are discriminated against.
In the United States, an estimated three out of five blacks and latinos, and approximately half of the Pacific/Asian islanders and Native Americans live in communities with uncontrolled waste sites. Overall, communities with the most hazardous waste facilities have the highest composition of racial and ethnic populations. In 1994, legislation was introduced in the US Congress, that would begin to address environmental justice.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a unique, experimental research work of the Union of International Associations. It is currently published as a searchable online platform with profiles of world problems, action strategies, and human values that are interlinked in novel and innovative ways. These connections are based on a range of relationships such as broader and narrower scope, aggravation, relatedness and more. By concentrating on these links and relationships, the Encyclopedia is uniquely positioned to bring focus to the complex and expansive sphere of global issues and their interconnected nature.
The initial content for the Encyclopedia was seeded from UIA’s Yearbook of International Organizations. UIA’s decades of collected data on the enormous variety of association life provided a broad initial perspective on the myriad problems of humanity. Recognizing that international associations are generally confronting world problems and developing action strategies based on particular values, the initial content was based on the descriptions, aims, titles and profiles of international associations.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.