Pharmaceuticals account for 10 to 30% of public spending for health in most countries. Very large savings can be achieved by improving the selection and quantification of drug requirements.
Governments that have introduced competition in the procurement of drugs have typically achieved savings of 40 to 60%. This is aided by developing using national essential drug lists, consisting of a limited number of inexpensive drugs that address the important health problems of the population, and developing country-specific treatment protocols. An essential-drugs revolving fund for several Central American nations yielded savings of 65% of the costs of the pharmaceuticals.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a unique, experimental research work of the Union of International Associations. It is currently published as a searchable online platform with profiles of world problems, action strategies, and human values that are interlinked in novel and innovative ways. These connections are based on a range of relationships such as broader and narrower scope, aggravation, relatedness and more. By concentrating on these links and relationships, the Encyclopedia is uniquely positioned to bring focus to the complex and expansive sphere of global issues and their interconnected nature.
The initial content for the Encyclopedia was seeded from UIA’s Yearbook of International Organizations. UIA’s decades of collected data on the enormous variety of association life provided a broad initial perspective on the myriad problems of humanity. Recognizing that international associations are generally confronting world problems and developing action strategies based on particular values, the initial content was based on the descriptions, aims, titles and profiles of international associations.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.