Denying rights of indigenous people


Indigenous communities, peoples and nations are those which, having a historical continuity with pre-invasion and pre-colonial societies that have developed on their territories, consider themselves distinct from other sectors of the societies now prevailing in those territories, or parts of them. They form at present non-dominant sectors of society and are determined to preserve, develop and transmit to future generations their ancestral territories, and their ethnic identity, as the basis of their continued existence as peoples, in accordance with their own cultural patterns, social institutions and legal systems.

[Convention 169] (1989) of the ILO identifies indigenous peoples as (a) tribal peoples in countries whose social, cultural and economic conditions distinguish them from other sections of the national community, and whose status is regulated wholly or partially by their own customs or traditions or by special laws or regulations, and (b) peoples in countries who are regarded by themselves or others as indigenous on account of their descent from the populations that inhabited the country, or a geographical region to which the country belongs, at the time of conquest or colonization or the establishment of present state boundaries and who, irrespective of their legal status, retain or wish to retain, some of their own social, economic, spiritual, cultural and political characteristics and institutions.


Indigenous peoples assert the right to define who they are and do not approve of any other definition.

Type Classification:
C: Cross-sectoral strategies
Related UN Sustainable Development Goals:
GOAL 10: Reduced Inequality