strategy

Protecting refugees

Synonyms:
Guaranteeing safety of displaced persons
Providing protection for refugees
Improving protection of refugees
Context:
Africa hosts the majority of the world's refugee population, most of whom are women and children.
Implementation:
Since 1950, the United Nations Relief and Works Agency (UNRWA) has sustained four generations of Palestinians with free schooling, essential health care, relief assistance and key social services virtually without interruption. In 1994 there are 2.9 million refugees in the Middle East served by UNRWA.

The Commission on Humanitarian Affairs of the International Council of Voluntary Agencies has as a priority programme the protection of and assistance to refugees, returnees, repatriate and internally displaced persons, with special emphasis on women, children and other vulnerable groups.

The Guiding Principles on Internally Displaced Persons, distilling the applicable provisions of international law although still lacking formal legal status, affirm the right of each person "to be protected against being arbitrarily displaced from his or her home or place of habitual residence." Enumerated principles govern protection during displacement, "in particular from genocide, murder, summary or arbitrary execution and enforced disappearances."< Two principal conventions govern international refugee law matters: the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees, and its 1967 Protocol. The Convention sets out the rights of refugees and the standards for their treatment in the countries that receive them. It defines "refugee" in Article 1A(2) as, "Any person who owing to well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion, is outside the country of his [or her] nationality and is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself [or herself] of the protection of that country." Because the definition requires that a person be outside his or her country, it effectively excludes internally displaced persons from receiving international protection. Moreover, because it focuses on individualized persecution, it does not recognize situations of generalized violence (such as wars), natural disasters, and large-scale development projects as legitimate causes of flight.

Claim:
NGOs should play a major role in alleviating the plight of refugees and displaced persons.
Type Classification:
D: Detailed strategies
Related UN Sustainable Development Goals:
GOAL 11: Sustainable Cities and CommunitiesGOAL 16: Peace and Justice Strong InstitutionsGOAL 17: Partnerships to achieve the Goal