2. There is no immigration policy in Western Europe. Nothing that deserves the name. It is in the context of this regrettable absence of policy that refugees' rights are so much an issue and so abused. Virtually all legal options of entering Western Europe have been removed. The mechanisms turn asylum-seekers into illegal immigrants by making it impossible to travel legally. This stigmatizes and incriminates them at the same time. Then politicians can label asylum-seekers as "criminals, illegal immigrants, bogus, scroungers and terrorists'. The media take up and amplify political racism and the civil and judicial authorities absorb and reflect the attitude of suspicion, disbelief and hostility.