When the humanitarian, human rights, political and security dimensions of emergency situations are dealt with simultaneously, a climate of confidence is created which in turn positively affects the situation for the internally displaced. In El Salvador, for example, the Peace Agreements which ended more than a decade of civil war and which were negotiated under the auspices of the UN resulted in major reforms within the political and human rights life of the country and in its ability to deal with the crisis of internal displacement. In Burundi, the recently concluded agreement between the government and the opposition in which the Special Representative of the Secretary-General on Burundi played a leading role, is another promising, though precarious, example. In Rwanda, it is essential that the root causes of the genocidal conflict be addressed and steps be taken towards national reconciliation and development. The mission reports on Colombia, Sri Lanka and the Sudan have all underscored the importance of negotiated settlements of the conflicts. Indeed, humanitarian actions taken by the international community on behalf of the affected populations could have confidence-building implications that might facilitate the peace process.
In 1993, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies continued to support the Sri Lanka Red Cross programmes in sanitation, shelter, welfare and health for 50,000 people living in camps. In the same year, the Federation and the Togolese Red Cross provided [ad hoc] food distributions to hospitals and the needy in Lome, Togo. As of January 1993, the Afghanistan Red Crescent delivered food to 1,907 families and operated 7 medical dispensaries in Kabul. As of March 1993, the Federation and the Tajikistan Red Crescent Society distributed fuel, clothing and food to 50,000 internally displaced people. As of October 1993, the Federation provided assistance to 30,000 displaced people with food, clothing and hygiene articles in Georgia.