Indigenous farmers offer an alternative to deforestation -- 'managed deforestation'. Forests meet farmers' needs for a variety of goods and services, and ecological farmers use agroforestry strategies to insure that the forest is not destroyed. Seven characteristics of indigenous agroforestry strategies include: taking advantage of native trees, native tree communities, and native successional processes; placing trees in places where they will provide ecological services; spreading risks by retaining diversity; and maintaining a reliable back-up to meet needs should other sources fail. Specific examples from the sequential agroforestry and forest grove systems of Mexican Huastec and Peruvian Bora farmers demonstrate how indigenous strategies are used by farmers. By understanding the needs, the knowledge, and the successful strategies of traditional farmers, agronomists and agroforesters can develop new, imaginative alternatives for managing deforestation.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a unique, experimental research work of the Union of International Associations. It is currently published as a searchable online platform with profiles of world problems, action strategies, and human values that are interlinked in novel and innovative ways. These connections are based on a range of relationships such as broader and narrower scope, aggravation, relatedness and more. By concentrating on these links and relationships, the Encyclopedia is uniquely positioned to bring focus to the complex and expansive sphere of global issues and their interconnected nature.
The initial content for the Encyclopedia was seeded from UIA’s Yearbook of International Organizations. UIA’s decades of collected data on the enormous variety of association life provided a broad initial perspective on the myriad problems of humanity. Recognizing that international associations are generally confronting world problems and developing action strategies based on particular values, the initial content was based on the descriptions, aims, titles and profiles of international associations.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.