This strategy features in the framework of Agenda 21 as formulated at UNCED (Rio de Janeiro, 1992), now coordinated by the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development and implemented through national and local authorities. Agenda 21 recommends measures to eliminate illiteracy among females and to expand the enrolment of women and girls in educational institutions, to promote the goal of universal access to primary and secondary education for girl children and for women, and to increase educational and training opportunities for women and girls in sciences and technology, particularly at the post-secondary level.
This strategic objective also formed part of the Platform for Action of the UN Fourth World Conference for Women (Beijing, 1995). Women's access to and participation in the learning process is closely connected with the type of welfare system and distribution of responsibilities at family, community and society level. The decision to participate or not is often not a woman's free choice but the result of the constraints imposed by her daily schedule at work and within the family.
UNESCO has developed a programme called [The Barefoot College] in Tilonia, India, which provides educational opportunities to local women and girls.