It is impracticable to measure every emission source in a large urban area, with a population of millions. The majority of emissions are therefore estimated from other local information such as fuel consumption, vehicle kilometres travelled (VKT), or some other measure of activity relating to the emissions. Emission factors, derived from the results of measurements, are then applied to the activity data in order to estimate the likely emissions.
A 1998 UK government action plan will address all aspects of the Local Air Pollution Control system (LAPC). The plan includes action: to develop a more consistent approach to inspection of air pollution across the country; to actively encourage local authorities to sign up formally to the Cabinet Office's Enforcement Concordat and to produce and implement clear policies relating to all their enforcement functions, including LAPC; to monitor centrally local authority action to undertake four year reviews of authorisations; by the Chartered Institute of Environmental Health and the Local Government Association, to produce a management guide for local authorities on LAPC; to secure compliance by metal and plastic coating processes. A helpline has been set up to advise Local Authorities on technical compliance issues relating to this sector; and to consolidate and develop the 'link authority' scheme for local authority networking on LAPC issues within the UK.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a unique, experimental research work of the Union of International Associations. It is currently published as a searchable online platform with profiles of world problems, action strategies, and human values that are interlinked in novel and innovative ways. These connections are based on a range of relationships such as broader and narrower scope, aggravation, relatedness and more. By concentrating on these links and relationships, the Encyclopedia is uniquely positioned to bring focus to the complex and expansive sphere of global issues and their interconnected nature.
The initial content for the Encyclopedia was seeded from UIA’s Yearbook of International Organizations. UIA’s decades of collected data on the enormous variety of association life provided a broad initial perspective on the myriad problems of humanity. Recognizing that international associations are generally confronting world problems and developing action strategies based on particular values, the initial content was based on the descriptions, aims, titles and profiles of international associations.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.