Petitioning Pressuring Activating political interest groups Bringing to bear steady input of political interests Influencing constitutional suffrage
Soliciting votes or other support for one's cause from decision makers especially legislators through interviews, letter writing and other forms of communication.
Interest groups influence legislation by contributions to candidates running for public office, communications to legislators and constituents, payment of retainers, promotion of mass demonstrations, withdrawal of financial aid, and threats of physical violence.
Most people would regard such lobbying as a legitimate and basic right in any democracy. Politicians need to be aware of the needs (and wants) of various sectors of the community and to be exposed to a range of policy ideas.
Lobbying by well-financed and organized pressure groups can circumvent prevailing public opinion. Law-makers are forced to legislate on the basis of the loudest voices and financial incentives. It undermines the democratic legislative process by going outside the formalized system.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.