Action by governments to address this objective might include routinely collecting statistics and indicators disaggregated by sex, and strengthening national machinery for the advancement of women by locating it in a critical location in national policy-making where it can monitor the extent to which gender considerations are taken into account in government policies and programmes. It could include training government officials in gender analysis.
Action by non-governmenta1 organizations might include monitoring national policies and programmes for the extent to which gender considerations have been taken into account, assisting women who have been negatively affected by programmes to make this known and to obtain relief.
Action by organizations of the UN system might include promoting the global collection and dissemination of statistics and indicators disaggregated by sex, and developing new indicators, especially in the context of the system of national accounts, using gender analysis in the development of programmes in financial and other development institutions. It might involve strengthening networks of focal points as well as main institutions for gender analysis.
2. Against the background of recent development trends, changes in women's position and the slow modernization of institutions and policies, there are four main areas of concern for women: (a) access to and participation in the learning process; (b) improvement of job security and access to quality jobs; (c) reconciliation of professional and family responsibilities; and (d) alleviation of poverty.