Cotton [Gossypium] spp. is the premier textile fibre.
Cotton does best in warm temperate or tropical climates. The soft, fleecy fibre has been cultivated for 5,000 years. It is loved for, among other qualities, its washability (tougher than rayon), that it is stronger wet than dry, moth-free, has great wickability and a porous coolness. Synthetics stole part of the cotton market because cotton has low drapeability, wrinkles easily, shrinks, mildews, stains with sweat, and bleaches in sunlight.
Cotton enters the paper market as rags, textile scraps, and linters. Linters are a residue, the short fibres that adhere to the seed after ginning. These fibres can be cut from the seed in a series of passes through cutting blades ("first-cut linters," "mill run," "second-cut linters," etc). Scraps are the major source of non-wood fibres for paper in the United States (about 0.3 percent of all paper pulp). Cotton produces a very high-quality paper, but has high production costs. It has a well-established market niche.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.