Proportions and absolute numbers of elderly in the populations of a majority of the industrialized countries have undergone increases in recent decades. This trend, which has been primarily caused by a secular decline in fertility, is expected to accelerate into the early twenty-first century. Its consequences have implications for the economy, public expenditures, the labour market, social welfare and various other levels of the family, community and society.
According to a 1999 report, the European Commission felt action was indispensible in four largely overlapping areas: employment, social protection, health and the fight against discrimination and social exclusion. In the area of employment, it was necessary to increase the proportion of people in employment in relation to the total population of working age. The aim therefore was to ensure the adaption, redeployment and vocational training of numerous Europeans, including people in the 55-65 age group. As for social protection, the focus was on financing and improving pension schemes. The aim was to make them less vulnerable in the light of population changes, and to ensure that they were properly funded in the long-term and were equitable, through recourse to intergenerational solidarity. The EU was also devoting part of its new framework research programme to studies in the medical and social fields. First, preventive measures would be promoted not only to improve people's lives, but also reduce health care costs. Second, the Commission would reject all age-based discrimination, which meant no denial of the most effective and modern treatment to patients because of their advanced age. In case of elderly people who could no longer look after themselves, the Commission called for an adequate level of quality care, such as home help and suitably modified accommodation.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a unique, experimental research work of the Union of International Associations. It is currently published as a searchable online platform with profiles of world problems, action strategies, and human values that are interlinked in novel and innovative ways. These connections are based on a range of relationships such as broader and narrower scope, aggravation, relatedness and more. By concentrating on these links and relationships, the Encyclopedia is uniquely positioned to bring focus to the complex and expansive sphere of global issues and their interconnected nature.
The initial content for the Encyclopedia was seeded from UIA’s Yearbook of International Organizations. UIA’s decades of collected data on the enormous variety of association life provided a broad initial perspective on the myriad problems of humanity. Recognizing that international associations are generally confronting world problems and developing action strategies based on particular values, the initial content was based on the descriptions, aims, titles and profiles of international associations.
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