Sharing social science methodologies Promoting transfer of knowledge in social science disciplines Using social science Practicing social science Increasing effectiveness of social science Developing social sciences
Social science includes methodological approaches that can be applied to any science, for example, most branches of logic and the experimental method, but characteristically of human or soft sciences it raises issues of emphasis between quantitative versus qualitative, and specialization versus generalization ([ie] systems, holistic, comparative or interdisciplinary approaches, etc). Social science methodology also involves critical epistemological and ontological issues in arguing for or against the realities of the individual or the collectivity as agents or causal factors in societal phenomena.
UNESCO cooperates with academic institutions and research networks, especially those in developing countries, in order to promote regional and international research projects. Particular attention is paid to innovative methodological and conceptual approaches with a view to furthering development of disciplines such as history and geography and encouraging interdisciplinary research on contemporary conditions, the process of change in the developing countries, environmental issues and recent developments in communications.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a unique, experimental research work of the Union of International Associations. It is currently published as a searchable online platform with profiles of world problems, action strategies, and human values that are interlinked in novel and innovative ways. These connections are based on a range of relationships such as broader and narrower scope, aggravation, relatedness and more. By concentrating on these links and relationships, the Encyclopedia is uniquely positioned to bring focus to the complex and expansive sphere of global issues and their interconnected nature.
The initial content for the Encyclopedia was seeded from UIA’s Yearbook of International Organizations. UIA’s decades of collected data on the enormous variety of association life provided a broad initial perspective on the myriad problems of humanity. Recognizing that international associations are generally confronting world problems and developing action strategies based on particular values, the initial content was based on the descriptions, aims, titles and profiles of international associations.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.