Creating paid work through computer-based technologies
Promoting computer based employment
After years of caution, investors are now keen to fund the best-prepared new e-business ventures, and traditional companies are now quite rapidly stepping up their response to Internet opportunities and threats. E-commerce by European companies will more than double between 1999-2000 and more than double again in the following year. The innovators are creating new work opportunities but skill shortages are widely reported as a constraint on more rapid growth. The number of unfilled IT jobs in Europe will grow from 500,000 in 1998 to an estimated 1.6 millions by 2002.
In 1997 the number of new jobs in the information society sector increased by nearly 9%, as against under 1% in the case of all the other sectors put together. In 1999 in the European Union one new job in four was in the information society activities, such as computerization, telecoms and the Internet.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.