Studying causes of poor viability of nuclear power plants
To be a viable energy source for the 21st century, nuclear power will have to meet several conditions. Most important, the performance of the current generation of reactors will have to improve. In addition, new power plant designs will be needed that are simpler, standardized and "passive" in their safety features (that is, relying less on the functioning of "active" components such as pumps, motors and generators.) Tighter construction standards will also be needed to ensure that only plants of the highest quality are built. Finally, progress will be needed on the storage of radioactives wastes -- a key step that will almost certainly required a more cooperative, less threatening working arrangements with potential host states.
If another serious accident occurs at a nuclear power plant, the door to future nuclear power use willl almost certainly close forever.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
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