Reviewing and where appropriate modifying national policies and legislation to ensure that they support the rights of holders of traditional knowledge. Investigating, through appropriate structures, the development of a system to provide legal protection for collective intellectual property rights.
Western-oriented intellectual property regimes are often at odds with indigenous perceptions of ownership. From a standpoint of information justice, information concerning traditional knowledge, practices and cultures should be used for research only with the consent, cooperation and control of holders of that knowledge. Wherever possible, the use and collection of such knowledge should result in social, economic or environmental benefits to the traditional owners through formal prior informed consent procedures and mutually agreed terms. This may take the form of some sort of royalty fee for the use of cultural symbols, images, formulae and so on.
Traditional healers, farmers, and others holding traditional knowledge will play an especially important role in developing guidelines for the protection and use of traditional knowledge, and procedures for benefit-sharing. In addition, these groups will play a vital monitoring role, to ensure that policies concerning traditional knowledge and benefit-sharing are implemented satisfactorily. This will require improved coordination and mobilization between relevant organisations and individuals.
2. What is 'traditional' about traditional knowledge is not its antiquity, but the way it is acquired and used. In other words, the social process of learning and sharing knowledge, which is unique to each indigenous culture, lies at the heart of its 'traditionality'. Much of this knowledge is actually quite new, but it has a social meaning, and legal character, entirely unlike other knowledge.
3. Access to traditional knowledge, innovations and practices of indigenous and local communities should be subject to prior informed consent or prior informed approval from the holders of such knowledge, innovations and practices.