Where the bulk of the labour force is already employed, government policies that extend insurance coverage to the rest of the population -- including the self-employed, the elderly and the poor -- remove the inequities inherent in multi-tiered systems of health financing and expand the content of the universally available package of care.
Whilst most high-income countries have provided for at least a basic comprehensive health insurance, only a few middle-income countries have had the combination of adequate financial resources, political resolve and administrative capacity to achieve universal insurance coverage. Korea's bold initiative to create a national health insurance system from scratch between 1978 and 1989 and Costa Rica's efforts in the 1980s to universalize a system that had previously covered only the industrial labour force show that this is a difficult but achievable goal.
When insurance coverage becomes universal, subsidies actually end up targeting the poor and are thus progressive.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a unique, experimental research work of the Union of International Associations. It is currently published as a searchable online platform with profiles of world problems, action strategies, and human values that are interlinked in novel and innovative ways. These connections are based on a range of relationships such as broader and narrower scope, aggravation, relatedness and more. By concentrating on these links and relationships, the Encyclopedia is uniquely positioned to bring focus to the complex and expansive sphere of global issues and their interconnected nature.
The initial content for the Encyclopedia was seeded from UIA’s Yearbook of International Organizations. UIA’s decades of collected data on the enormous variety of association life provided a broad initial perspective on the myriad problems of humanity. Recognizing that international associations are generally confronting world problems and developing action strategies based on particular values, the initial content was based on the descriptions, aims, titles and profiles of international associations.
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