strategy

Strengthening international cooperation on enclosed and semi-enclosed seas

Context:

This strategy features in the framework of Agenda 21 as formulated at UNCED (Rio de Janeiro, 1992), now coordinated by the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development and implemented through national and local authorities.

Implementation:

[Mediterranean Sea] The Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment and the Coastal Region of the Mediterranean, 1976 (Barcelona Convention) is an effort to prevent, abate and combat pollution and to protect and enhance the marine environment of the Mediterranean. The original Convention was modified by amendments adopted on 10 June 1995. The amended text has not yet entered into force. To fulfil the goal of the Convention, a complex legal and institutional structure has been set up, including the adoption of the following protocols: Protocol for the Prevention of Pollution of the Mediterranean Sea by Dumping from Ships and Aircraft, Barcelona, 1976, replaced by the Protocol for the Prevention and Elimination of Pollution of the Mediterranean Sea by Dumping from Ships and Aircraft or Incineration at Sea; Protocol concerning Cooperation in Combating Pollution of the Mediterranean Sea by Oil and Other Harmful Substances in Cases of Emergency, Barcelona, 1976 (in force 1978); Protocol for the Protection of the Mediterranean Sea against Pollution from Land-Based Sources, Athens, 1980, replaced by the Protocol for the Protection of the Mediterranean Sea against Pollution from Land-Based Sources and Activities (in force 1983); Protocol concerning Specially Protected Areas in the Mediterranean, Geneva, 1982, replaced by the Protocol concerning Specially Protected Areas and Biological Diversity in the Mediterranean, Barcelona, 1995 (the "Barcelona Protocol", in force 1999); Protocol for the Protection of the Mediterranean Sea against Pollution resulting from Exploration and Exploitation of the Continental Shelf and the Seabed and its Sub-Oil, Madrid, 1994 (in force 2011); Protocol on the Prevention of Pollution of the Mediterranean Sea by Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal, 1996 (in force 2008).

Claim:

States should, where and as appropriate, ensure adequate coordination and cooperation in enclosed and semi-enclosed seas and between subregional, regional and global intergovernmental fisheries bodies.

Organizations:
omic Cooperation Business Council (1100044924)
on for Black Sea Fisheries (1100055184)
on Association of Shipbuilders and Ship Repairers (1100021070)
Black Sea Region Association of Shipowners (1100053968)
rine Science Programme for the Black Sea (1100028560)
omic Cooperation Centre for the Exchange of Statistical Data and Economic Information (1100067659)
C Group of Experts on a Monitoring System for Systematic Sea-level Measurements in the Mediterranean and Black Seas (1100059553)
n Baltic (1100058862)
Black Sea Club (1100012177)
d for Nature (1100031522)
ronmental Programme (1100065278)
on Plan (1100045510)
tal Association (1100009445)
ological Cycle Observing System (1100021618)
MEDCOAST Centre for Coastal Management in the Mediterranean and the Black Sea (1100007973)
Forum (1100050658)
fisheries and the conservation of living marine resources in the Black Sea (1100016871)
Centre for Black Sea Studies (1100016967)
rding the regulation of plaice and flounder fishing in the Baltic Sea (1100031047)
convention regarding the regime of the straits between the Mediterranean and the Black Sea (1100029181)
erning cooperation for the saving of human lives and assistance to vessels and aircraft in distress in the Black Sea (1100025113)
cerning fishing in the Black Sea (1100058055)
erning protection of the salmon in the Baltic Sea (1100002183)
fishing and conservation of the living resources in the Baltic Sea and the Belts (1100046082)
the protection of the marine environment of the Baltic Sea Area (1100051670)
the protection of the marine environment and the coastal region of the Mediterranean (1100027518)
rning cooperation in combating pollution of the Mediterranean sea by oil and other harmful substances in cases of emergency (1100021346)
he prevention of pollution of the Mediterranean sea by dumping from ships and aircraft (1100050479)
he protection of the Mediterranean sea against pollution from land-based sources (1100015438)
e Conference of the States parties to the Convention on fishing and conservation of living resources in the Baltic sea and the belts (1100005282)
operation in combating pollution of the Black Sea marine environment by oil and other harmful substances in emergency situations (1100015597)
the protection of the Black Sea against pollution (1100047522)
otection of the Black Sea marine environment against pollution from land-based sources (1100010522)
the protection of the marine environment of the Baltic Sea Area, 1992 (1100059904)
omic cooperation pact (1100017325)
he protection of the Mediterranean Sea against pollution resulting from exploration and exploitation of the continental shelf and the seabed and its subsoil (1100064696)
the Protocol for the prevention of pollution of the Mediterranean Sea by dumping from ships and aircraft (1100002431)
e prevention of pollution of the Mediterranean Sea by transboundary movements of hazardous wastes and their disposal (1100062853)
he conservation of small cetaceans of the Mediterranean and Black Seas and the adjacent Atlantic Zone (1100060724)
he protection of the Mediterranean Sea against pollution from land-based sources and activities (1100018557)
the protection of the marine environment of the Baltic Sea Area, 1999 (1100020484)
Subjects:
Seas
Type Classification:
G: Very Specific strategies