This strategy features in the framework of Agenda 21 as formulated at UNCED (Rio de Janeiro, 1992), now coordinated by the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development and implemented through national and local authorities.
Agenda 21 recommends considering the need for and feasibility of internationally agreed guidelines on safety in biotechnology release, including risk assessment and risk management, and for studying the feasibility of guidelines which could facilitate national legislation on liability and compensation. Agenda 21 also recommends: compiling, updating and developing compatible safety procedures into a framework of internationally agreed principles as a basis for guidelines to be applied on safety in biotechnology, including considering the need for and feasibility of an international agreement; and promoting information exchange as a basis for further development, drawing on the work already undertaken by international or other expert bodies.
The Governing Council of UNEP set up an Intergovernmental Committee on the Convention on Biological Diversity (ICCBD) which held two sessions to consider various issues under the Convention among which was the need for a biosafety Protocol. It was agreed that there was a need for "adequate and transparent safety and border-control procedures aimed at controlling and managing risks associated with the use of living modified organisms (LMOs) and their release into the environment in addition to maximizing the benefit of biotechnology."