2. The intensity of secret society relationships can bestow a sense of purpose and direction and evoke creativity and commitment from its members.
3. In situations where the open espousal of particular values, ideas or causes may provoke repression from reactionary powers, secret societies may provide the only viable vehicle through which to work for social change and development.
4. Secret societies for moral and psychic training and spiritual development exist because the masses are incapable of understanding human potential and fear and attack what they suppose to be elitism.
2. Where a cult is made of secrecy, when a group seals itself off from the outside world and open debate, where minds are closed, and where whole lives are swallowed up in the society and not simply a few secrets, then secret societies tend to accentuate and represent a negative contribution to society and history.
3. Even where the aims are worthy and the perversions warded off, it may be argued that secrecy becomes a habit, and the esoteric isolation of the society perpetuates itself after the historical need which required its formation no longer exists, such as when the leaders of a successful revolution are unable after attaining power to change their style of operation and refuse to allow the participation of the whole population in polity. The very existence of secret societies prompts antagonisms and fosters accusations of immorality, subversion and heresy.