Adopting laws to prevent the illegal export or import of hazardous waste
Implementing legislation to prevent illegal export or import of hazardous waste Regulating transportation of hazardous waste
This strategy features in the framework of Agenda 21 as formulated at UNCED (Rio de Janeiro, 1992), now coordinated by the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development and implemented through national and local authorities.
The [Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal] is concerned with the environmentally sound management of hazardous waste. The UK ratified the Convention on 7 February 1994, the same date as the European Community and most other Community Member States. At present there are 120 Parties to the Convention including the European Commission. The Convention provides a system of prior informed consent to exports of hazardous waste. Where exports do occur the onus is on the exporting state to ensure that the wastes will be managed in an environmentally sound way.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.