The [Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade] (TBT) and the [Agreement on Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures] (SPS) were both part of the WTO Agreements, and came into force on 1 January 1995. Both agreements seek to ensure that regulations, standards, and conformity assessment procedures do not act as barriers to trade. For the SPS, measures must be necessary for the protection of human, animal, plant life or health, and not more trade-restrictive than required to achieve the appropriate level of protection. The [SPS Agreement] permits interim measures that are based on the precautionary principle.
2. The [SPS Agreement] has been used to challenge national health and safety laws. It must be amended to guarantee the ability of national governments to take strong national measures based on the precautionary principle and to maintain measures that exceed international standards.
3. National government's ability to maintain and further develop high national environmental protection standards and to determine appropriate levels of risk for their citizens should not be undermined.