The Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) gives special priority to the elimination of conflict situations through political negotiation. In 1987, a six-member Committee on the Middle-East was set up to promote direct contacts between Arab and Israeli delegations and to promote parliamentary action in support of the peace process. In 1991, the IPU set up a six-member Committee on Cyprus to follow the situation more closely. Most recently, the IPU has strongly advocated a negotiated settlement of the conflict in the former Yugoslavia.
The International Council of Voluntary Agencies held a global forum [inter alia] to analyse the role of NGOs in promoting peaceful conflict resolution.
Indigenous Initiative for Peace, a group headed by Nobel Peace Prize winner Rigoberta Menchu Tum, adopted a resolution at its first assembly calling for the creation of a new mechanism to resolve disputes between indigenous peoples and governments.
Mechanisms used by different Africa societies (eg Xhoso in South Africa, Oromo of Ethiopia, Dinka of Sudan, Igbo and Fulani of West Africa) to prevent disputes from escalating, to adjudicate land disputes, to float grievances and to promote dialogue and end wars, include techniques such as rhetoric, ritual affirmation, diplomacy, resort to clan assemblies, truth commissions and traditional law.