User-pay domestic garbage collection systems require householders to pay for each bag of garbage requiring disposal. The benefit is that it encourages them to practice the 3Rs of waste management (recover, recycle and reintegration) which in turn minimizes their disposal costs. Their creativity and participation is engaged.
There are several ways of implementing a user-pay system, including: requiring residents to purchase special bags; requiring residents to purchase special tags to seal the bags; paying for each bag set out; paying for each bag set out over a specified number; restricting the number of bags placed on the kerb; renting a standardized container in which the garbage is placed; and weighing each bag and billing each household based on the monthly weight.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a unique, experimental research work of the Union of International Associations. It is currently published as a searchable online platform with profiles of world problems, action strategies, and human values that are interlinked in novel and innovative ways. These connections are based on a range of relationships such as broader and narrower scope, aggravation, relatedness and more. By concentrating on these links and relationships, the Encyclopedia is uniquely positioned to bring focus to the complex and expansive sphere of global issues and their interconnected nature.
The initial content for the Encyclopedia was seeded from UIA’s Yearbook of International Organizations. UIA’s decades of collected data on the enormous variety of association life provided a broad initial perspective on the myriad problems of humanity. Recognizing that international associations are generally confronting world problems and developing action strategies based on particular values, the initial content was based on the descriptions, aims, titles and profiles of international associations.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.