Reducing nitrogen and phosphoric pollution from animal production
Reducing organic contamination from animal farming
Animal production has intensified in concert with demand. This has led to unacceptable increases in organic pollution. New measures are being sought to reduce such organic pollution.
Technical developments and progress in the knowledge of nutritional requirements and management of animals have introduced solutions to reduce animal production pollution. New feed technologies such as feed systems (extended use of amino acids and related compounds, use of enzymes and continued use of growth promoting substances) and feed systems (formulation closer to requirements, phase feeding and increased use of highly digestible material) and feed supplements can be utilized. Feed related measures can be implemented quickly as they do not require major structural changes, heavy investment or any time consuming processes, whilst their impact is significant. Animals can be bred for better feed conversion and dietary protein utilization. Ammonia volatilization from slurry and litter can be reduced by improving animal housing design and biological/chemical treatment of slurry and litter. Clean environmental conditions should be maintained. Distribution, utilization processing and handling of slurry/manure on farming land can be improved.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
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