The current World Trade Organization (WTO) [Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights Agreements] (TRIPs) infringe upon the [Common Property Rights] (CPRs) to biodiversity and biodiversity-related knowledge by recognising only the private property rights as enshrined in the culturally biased system of the Western industrialised states.
India and its laws recognise the jurisdiction of local communities over the biodiversity in their area. As per the amendment in the Constitution of India, inserted by the Constitution (Seventy-third Amendment) Act, 1992, the Panchayati Raj system for decentralised democracy for the rural areas has been reinforced. As per a further Amendment in 1996 the Gram Sabha (the village community) is the highest competent authority to take decisions on natural resources at the grassroots' level. The national government has also reiterated this by declaring the year 1999-2000 as the "Year of the Gram Sabha". The jurisdiction of the Gram Sabha on the biodiversity and the biodiversity-related knowledge are inalienable.