Reducing vulnerability of women refugees Protecting against vulnerability of women refugees Ensuring physical security of refugee women
The foundation for the protection of the physical security of refugee women, as well as for that of refugees generally, is the universally recognized responsibility of the state to respect and to ensure the fundamental rights of all individuals within its territory. The international system for the protection of refugees and the international system for the protection of human rights both rely first and foremost on states to discharge their responsibility to persons in need of protection. Consequently, effective action to protect refugee women against crimes of sexual violence requires above all the cooperation of the governments concerned. In this connection it is useful to distinguish protection and remedial action in countries of asylum from preventive activities in countries of origin, both before people are forced to become refugees and with regard to voluntary repatriation.
In November 1993, UNIFEM and UNHCR agreed to increase public awareness of women refugees and to guarantee that refugee policies and programmes take account of women's needs and perspectives.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.