Implementing convention on the rights of the child Advocating charter on rights of children Promoting declaration of rights of child
This strategy features in the framework of Agenda 21 as formulated at UNCED (Rio de Janeiro, 1992), now coordinated by the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development and implemented through national and local authorities.
No human rights agreement has ever been ratified so quickly by so many nations as the 1989 [Convention on the Rights of the Child]. In less than four years, over 150 nations accepted the document as an internationally agreed minimum standard for the treatment of children. In 1999, all but two member countries of the United Nations had not ratified the convention: Somalia and the USA. In addition to setting out the rights of children to basic health care and education, the Convention seeks to protect the young from abuse, exploitation or neglect at home, at work, and in armed conflicts. Signatories also explicitly take responsibility for handicapped, migrant, minority, indigenous, maltreated and neglected children and children without families. To assist with this, families are promoted as the carers of children, to provide an appropriate standard of living and arena for child development.
States should ratify the [Convention on the Rights of the Child] (General Assembly Resolution 44/25 of 20 November 1989) at the earliest moment and implement it by addressing the basic needs of youth and children.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.