Spreading environmental technology Using environmentally sound technology
It is a frequent assumption that technology is neutral and that freedom, democracy, an environmentally benign society and other benefits will automatically follow from its development and use. There is little understanding that deliberate macro-policy choices, innovative instruments and a political commitment to the achievement of higher goals are required.
The Ghanaian Government recently asked the Commonwealth Fund for Technical Cooperation's Industrial Development Department to help make its palm oil industry, whose traditional methods caused severe environmental damage, environmentally friendly. The Department looked to a technological solution which was inexpensive, easy to maintain and efficient. The Department installed and commissioned a new specially designed high-temperature boiler which burns cleanly, emitting minimal smoke, and is capable of using product waste as fuel. The Department ensured local staff would be able to use and maintain it at maximum efficiency. In 1993, this type of boiler was being promoted by Ghana's Environmental Protection Council to other palm mill owners in Ghana. The technology can also be used by other industries producing flammable waste. Thanks to the instalment of the new boiler, the Juaben palm Oil Mill in Ghana no longer needs to buy fuelwood, representing a significant cost saving, and the saving of 2,000 trees per year.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.