Enhancing the extent to which a company is able to adjust the deployment of human and financial resources to the constantly changing requirements made by the environment and starting from the different production processes.
In the commercial world, developments in the market, such as globalization, economic integration, the removal of trade barriers and the consolidation of competitiveness have induced firms to raise the pressure on flexible labour relations in order to lower costs. In the case of labour resources, a modern flexible firm may have: 1. A core group of workers sufficient for the basic range of tasks and production needs and usually with a high level of "generic" technical knowledge combined with social skills (team work) and problem-capacity (providing functional flexibility); 2. Backed by groups of workers, from both inside and outside the firm, that are flexibly employable (providing numerical flexibility) to meet production fluctuations; and 3. A variety of workers and services it calls on for specific partial tasks, such as outworkers, self-employed workers, short-term contract staff, agency temporaries and sub-contractors. In this way the firm reduces investment costs, shoulders the fluctuations of its own production on firms and workers in the "supplier economy" outside the firm and avoids overhead costs related to normal employment. It can also skirt round the stipulations of the collective labour legislation and reduce trade union influence in the firm.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a unique, experimental research work of the Union of International Associations. It is currently published as a searchable online platform with profiles of world problems, action strategies, and human values that are interlinked in novel and innovative ways. These connections are based on a range of relationships such as broader and narrower scope, aggravation, relatedness and more. By concentrating on these links and relationships, the Encyclopedia is uniquely positioned to bring focus to the complex and expansive sphere of global issues and their interconnected nature.
The initial content for the Encyclopedia was seeded from UIA’s Yearbook of International Organizations. UIA’s decades of collected data on the enormous variety of association life provided a broad initial perspective on the myriad problems of humanity. Recognizing that international associations are generally confronting world problems and developing action strategies based on particular values, the initial content was based on the descriptions, aims, titles and profiles of international associations.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.