Women are central to the maintenance and vitality of culture in societies worldwide. Their roles in relation to intangible heritage are of particular significance, and encompasses what may be described as fundamental realms of culture, which are often indispensable in maintaining and transmitting traditional knowledge, cultural identity and familial and cohesive social relations. They include, but are not restricted to language, codes of ethics, behavioural patterns, value systems, and religious beliefs. In most cultures, women play the principle role in raising children through which the intergenerational transmission and renewal of many forms of intangible heritage occurs.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.