Identify groups, time periods, environments and areas at higher risk of experiencing the adverse health impacts of transport, taking into account criteria to be proposed by WHO, and monitor relevant health impacts among these groups.
The impacts of transport on health fall disproportionately on certain groups of the population. Some are more vulnerable to traffic risks, due to old or young age, to illness or disability. Others use modes of transport associated with greater risks (e.g. motorcycles). Some are more exposed because the areas they live, work or move in have higher levels of pollutants and noise (e.g. due to the intensifying effect of specific geographical and topographical conditions and settlement characteristics) or other risks, or restrict cycling and walking. Many disbenefits of transport can accumulate in the same communities, often those that already have the poorest socioeconomic and health status.