Improving regional integration of countries Creating regional community Creating regional union
This is the process of international integration operating between a limited number of countries, generally within the same continent. It is considered useful to distinguish regional integration from related concepts such as regionalism, regional cooperation, regional organization, regional movements, regional systems, or regional subsystems of a global system. The study of regional integration is concerned with explaining how and why states cease to be wholly sovereign, how and why they voluntarily mingle, merge, and mix with neighbours so as to lose the factual attributes of sovereignty while acquiring new techniques for resolving conflict between themselves. The other concepts may relate to stages on the way to regional integration, but they should not be confused with the resulting condition. (There is a difference of opinion as to whether the term refers solely to the terminal condition or also to the process by which it is achieved).
There has been a rapid extension and intensification of regional integration arrangements throughout all regions of the world, including the fast extension of groupings around major trading nations, the emergence of mixed arrangements between developing countries and their major trading partners, and a revival of integration among developing countries. These new developments are likely to exert a major impact on world trade and economic cooperation.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
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