This strategy features in the framework of Agenda 21 as formulated at UNCED (Rio de Janeiro, 1992), now coordinated by the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development and implemented through national and local authorities.
Advances in income and education have allowed households almost everywhere in the world to improve their health. In the 1980s, even in countries in which average incomes fell, death rates of children under age 5 declined by almost 30%. But the child mortality rate fell more than twice as much in countries in which average incomes rose by more than 1% a year.
BASICS (Basic Support for Institutionalizing Child Survival) provides both technical leadership and practical field programs for reducing infant and childhood illness and death worldwide. The project operates programs in Africa, Asia, Latin America, and in the New Independent States (NIS). BASICS provides these countries with cost-effective child survival interventions and serves as a technical resource to those around the globe who design and implement child survival health programs. The project also collaborates with a wide range of nongovernmental organizations, other donors, and public health institutions in the following six programmatic areas: (1) sustaining immunization programs; (2) integrating effective case management of childhood illnesses; (3) strengthening the link between nutrition and health; (4) promoting techniques for monitoring and evaluation; (5) improving techniques for monitoring and evaluation; (6) establishing public/private partnerships.