Global resource consumption is unsustainable. Resources need to be used more efficiently in order to live within the Earth's carrying capacity. One suggestion is to wholly or partially replace existing taxes with taxing energy and other resources with the principle of the "user pays", or in other words the more you consume the more you pay. Taxing increasingly resource wasteful processes at progressively higher rates will provide a strong economic incentive for consumers to adopt more energy efficient technologies and patterns of consumption. Pollution is also taxed since it is a major form of resource waste. This should lead to decreased pollution and increased recycling of by-products. Other benefits in the event of becoming more resource efficient can include substantial long-term consumer savings, increased competitiveness, and more durable products.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.