Employees who are aware of illegal or unethical practice in the institutions that they work for may report this to external authority with responsibility for safeguarding the public interest. This may involve going to the media if no other course is practicable. Reporting malpractice is therefore a means of ensuring accountability.
Past experience has demonstrated that it is in the interests of any organization that is concerned for its reputation that employees concerned by operational inadequacies should report any form of malpractice. Whistleblowing tends to result in difficulties for the person reporting malpractice. This may range from the recriminations of fellow employees, through constraints on career advancement, to dismissal, to professional blacklisting that seriously jeopardizes the whistleblower's livelihood.
A 24 hour telephone hotline for whistleblowers to inform on U.K. companies involved in price fixing and market sharing was in february 1995 by the Government.
Society owes a debt of gratitude to its whistleblowers. If organizations and their executives subscribed to high moral standards, there would be no malpractice, no need for regulation and consequently no need for whistleblowers. In contemporary society vigilance is needed to deal with illegal price-fixing, disregard for health and safety rules, cheating on contractual arrangements, abuse and incompetence, and fraud. It is an unsatisfactory procedure but constitutes a necessary safeguard.
Whistleblowing is simply another term for informing; societies that encourage informers were infamous tyrannies. Whistleblowing has unfortunate negative effects on organization morale. Potential whistleblowers should exhaust internal channels before communicating with external authorities.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a unique, experimental research work of the Union of International Associations. It is currently published as a searchable online platform with profiles of world problems, action strategies, and human values that are interlinked in novel and innovative ways. These connections are based on a range of relationships such as broader and narrower scope, aggravation, relatedness and more. By concentrating on these links and relationships, the Encyclopedia is uniquely positioned to bring focus to the complex and expansive sphere of global issues and their interconnected nature.
The initial content for the Encyclopedia was seeded from UIA’s Yearbook of International Organizations. UIA’s decades of collected data on the enormous variety of association life provided a broad initial perspective on the myriad problems of humanity. Recognizing that international associations are generally confronting world problems and developing action strategies based on particular values, the initial content was based on the descriptions, aims, titles and profiles of international associations.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.