Improving sanitation facilities Improving sanitary waste disposal Establishing full sanitation services Constructing integrated sanitation system
Providing adequate sanitation of a standard which sufficiently protects human health and the environment, especially through the establishment, improvement and maintenance of collective systems.
This strategy features in the framework of Agenda 21 as formulated at UNCED (Rio de Janeiro, 1992), now coordinated by the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development and implemented through national and local authorities. Agenda 21 recommends modernizing drinking-water supply and sanitation.
The Global Applied Research Network in Water Supply and Sanitation was founded following consultations associated with the end of the [International Drinking Water Supply and Sanitation Decade]. The Network facilitates the sharing of relevant applied research information in water supply and sanitation on a global basis. Topic network coordinators (TNC) maintain and run their own networks of researchers in specified topic areas: ['Institutional development:'] willingness to pay, cost recovery and tariff structures; ['People and health:'] guinea worm eradication, health impact assessment, suspended solids removal; ['Water treatment:'] solar distillation and disinfection, iron removal, suspended solids removal; ['Pumping:'] hand pumps, solar water pumping; ['On-site sanitation:'] pit emptying, groundwater pollution, composting latrines; ['Wastewater treatment:'] pond treatment, anaerobic systems, wastewater reuse; ['Solid waste:'] collection, recycling.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.