All countries with nuclear power stations are storing wastes in (usually interim) repositories designed for storage low- and medium level wastes. For example, a new low-level waste repository of 1 million cubic meters capacity has been opened at Soulaines France and should be capable of accepting French reactor waste until about 2030; the existing Dukovany facility in the Czech Republic is almost full and a new interim facility is to be built at Dukovany; spent fuel from Finnish reactors is return to the fuel supplier, Russia (Chelyabinsk), for reprocessing and final disposal; in 1994 Germany reopened the Morsleben repository in the former GDR with state political opposition rising to the two existing Lower Saxony repositories; the low-level waste storage facility at El Cabril (Cordoba, Spain) has had its licensed capacity extended in 1994 to 58,000 cubic metres, estimated adequate for another 20 years; at Forsmark, Sweden, a final repository for low-level and medium level waste became operational in 1988; high-level waste (separated out during reprocessing) is stored at Sellafield and Dounreay, UK for 50 years, at which time the UK government plans to take a decision on its disposal.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.