Reducing malnourishment Alleviating malnutrition Reducing incidence of undernutrition Improving human nutrition
In countries with steep population growth curves, food and water shortages are increasingly a problem. It is estimated that nearly a billion people, most of them women and children, around the world are chronically malnourished.
The UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the World Health Organization (WHO) find that the proportion of malnourished families in developing countries has decreased from 36 to 20%. On the other hand, International Food Policy Research Institute finds that the number of malnourished children throughout the developing world increased from 166 million to 188 million between 1975 and 1990.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.