Promoting biodiversity management outside protected areas
In Europe, much of the wildlife interest and the important landscapes, together with the cultural heritage, depend on the countryside as a whole, rather than just protected areas. This is partly because humans have interacted with the natural environment for thousands of years, and because many of the domestic livestock are derivatives of previous wild European species. So, although European farm animals have been exported around the world, causing a mixture of benefit and chaos, in Europe these farming systems have continuity with previous more natural systems _ most of which no longer exist. Europe's natural and cultural heritage is thus enriched by the wide variety of regional farming systems which work in harmony with local environmental conditions. However, many of these farming systems are currently under threat by replacement with systems which are less related to local conditions _ but which rely on large inputs of energy and chemicals, and generally reduce wildlife in the areas.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
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