The Convention on the conservation of European wildlife and natural habitats, known as the Bern Convention, aims to conserve wild flora and fauna and their natural habitats, especially those species and habitats whose conservation requires the co-operation of several States, and to promote such co-operation. Particular emphasis is given to endangered and vulnerable species, including endangered and vulnerable migratory species. The Bern Convention Secretariat is located within the Council of Europe.
Wildlife has a rightful economic as well as biological and cultural value. The more that economic value can be harnessed to aid local communities, the greater the likelihood that conservation will be successful.