Desiring to reduce, progressively and systematically, the threat posed by nuclear weapons, the UN General Assembly in resolution 49/75 E of 1994 identified general areas for step-by-step reduction of the nuclear threat:
Area B, steps to actuate, included: the withdrawal from deployment and disassembly of nuclear-weapon systems, the secure storage and dismantlement of nuclear warheads and their delivery vehicles, and the elimination of special fissionable materials for nuclear-weapon purposes.
Area C, steps to prepare, under international auspices, included: an inventory of the nuclear arsenals, a reorientation of those facilities necessary to the task of implementing measures relating to Area B and the closure or conversion to peaceful purposes of all other such facilities in furtherance of measures relating to Area A.
2. The need for France to conduct nuclear tests from a technical point can be called into question. Firstly, France has conducted more nuclear tests (about 200) in comparison with their actual numbers of nuclear weapons (about 500) than any other country. Secondly, in August 1995, the USA proposed to France that it would provide the latter country with technological aid for computer simulated nuclear testing on condition that France renounced its intention to carry out a series of nuclear tests in the South Pacific.
2. The US capacity to maintain its nuclear superiority would be undermined by ratification of the CTBT and would handicap efforts to develop American space-based missile defences. Moreover other countries would cheat.