In 1975, the International Emergency Food Reserve (IEFR) was established and placed at the disposal of the World Food Programme (WFP) as an emergency reserve to strengthen the capacity of WPF to deal with crisis situations in developing countries. It is the major international source of food for initial emergency interventions. The target of the IEFR is 500,000 tonnes of cereals, but this has been regularly surpassed. WFP's effectiveness in responding to the initial phases of emergencies has been based largely on its ability to borrow from WFP food stocks already in-country for development projects, or from other stocks. The ratio of global cereal stocks at the end of the 1993/94 season to anticipated utilization in 1994/95 is expected to remain at 17 to 18%. This is the minimum set by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) for maintaining world food security. A substantial build-up of global cereal stocks was achieved in the 1992/93 period.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.