In 1975, the International Emergency Food Reserve (IEFR) was established and placed at the disposal of the World Food Programme (WFP) as an emergency reserve to strengthen the capacity of WPF to deal with crisis situations in developing countries. It is the major international source of food for initial emergency interventions. The target of the IEFR is 500,000 tonnes of cereals, but this has been regularly surpassed. WFP's effectiveness in responding to the initial phases of emergencies has been based largely on its ability to borrow from WFP food stocks already in-country for development projects, or from other stocks. The ratio of global cereal stocks at the end of the 1993/94 season to anticipated utilization in 1994/95 is expected to remain at 17 to 18%. This is the minimum set by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) for maintaining world food security. A substantial build-up of global cereal stocks was achieved in the 1992/93 period.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a unique, experimental research work of the Union of International Associations. It is currently published as a searchable online platform with profiles of world problems, action strategies, and human values that are interlinked in novel and innovative ways. These connections are based on a range of relationships such as broader and narrower scope, aggravation, relatedness and more. By concentrating on these links and relationships, the Encyclopedia is uniquely positioned to bring focus to the complex and expansive sphere of global issues and their interconnected nature.
The initial content for the Encyclopedia was seeded from UIA’s Yearbook of International Organizations. UIA’s decades of collected data on the enormous variety of association life provided a broad initial perspective on the myriad problems of humanity. Recognizing that international associations are generally confronting world problems and developing action strategies based on particular values, the initial content was based on the descriptions, aims, titles and profiles of international associations.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.